William Isaac Tasker and Henry Asher Mabbott

William Isaac Tasker and Henry Asher Mabbott were friends born in Lincolnshire in the late 1800s. They moved to Doncaster to work as Porters on the railway. Porters helped passengers on the platforms and loaded the train carriages. They were exempt from military service.

By 1918 William and Henry were living together at 42 Prospect Place in Hyde Park. They were both members of the National Union of Railwaymen.

Henry sadly died in 1918, but better news followed as William married Henry’s sister, Rose Mabbott, later that year. They had a son in 1920. By 1939 they had moved to 76 Harrowden Road in Wheatley, and William still worked on the railway as an LNER Guard. The third man in this photograph is called Mr Johnson. We are unsure of his background, but he seems to be a good friend of William and Henry.

‘Death rather than Service’

Harold Oldfield Dowson was born on the 20th of January 1886 in Doncaster, to Mark and Sarah Jane Dowson. Sarah died when he was only 4 years old. Mark was a tailor, draper, and outfitter. Growing up at 96 & 97 Catherine Street in Doncaster was crowded. His father, two brothers, three sisters, two cousins, grandmother and a distant aunt lived with him in 1891. All the older boys were working or apprenticed as tailors. It’s not clear if this was in Mark’s shop, but by 1895 he had definitely opened a Tailoring & Outfitting Shop at 65 Hall Gate, Doncaster. For the year of 1897 Mark served as Doncaster’s Mayor. In 1901 the family lived on Main Street in Blyth, Nottinghamshire, but they kept the house and shop in Doncaster.

On the 14th of August 1909 Mark Dowson died, leaving £6,000 between two of his sons, Harold Oldfield Dowson and Ernest John Dowson. He also left them his tailoring shop on Hallgate Corner, Messrs Dowson & Son Tailors. In 1911 Harold lived at 18 Highfield Road, Wheatley. His older brother, Arthur Edward Dowson, was now an invalid and lived with him for support. Two of his sisters also lived with him, Kate Needham Dowson and Maude Mary Shepherd, the latter of whom was married to a hotel proprietor. In 1912 Harold moved into the family home at 96 & 97 Catherine Street, Ernest stayed living in Wheatley at 26 King’s Road. Early in 1913 Harold married Mary Anne Harrison

Ernest John Dowson became a councillor for Doncaster around this time. When Belgium refugees needed to be housed in the town in 1914, the brothers offered the house on Catherine Street. Harold was still listed as living at the house until 1915, but in 1916 his address was updated to 18 Ravensworth Road, Doncaster. The brothers still jointly owned the shop, but Ernest was away serving as a Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers. Meanwhile Harold, faced with the prospect of conscription, was desperately applying for exemption. He failed in his application and became deeply depressed.

On the 17th of March 1916, at the age of 30, Harold was found hanging behind a door at his tailor shop, a small revolver loaded with 2 bullets was found by his feet. This wasn’t uncommon, on the same day the papers reported a Peterborough farmer had been found hanging in his stable after similar events. Ernest was informed, and confirmed that his brother had been depressed. The headline in the papers ran ‘Death rather than Service’. Harold was buried in the unconsecrated part of Hyde Park Cemetery in plot Q292.

Harold’s widow, Mary, and his brother Ernest inherited £200 between them. At the end of the war Ernest resumed managing the tailor’s shop by himself. In 1919 Ernest joined the freemasons in Doncaster, and in 1926 he followed his father in becoming Mayor of Doncaster. By 1957 Messrs Dowson & Son Tailors had become Doncaster Clothing Co, a Boys & Gents Outfitters.

Read More About Doncaster’s Belgium Refugees

A Stroll Down the High Street

During the First World War Doncaster High Street was a very different place, it was far busier with many handsome buildings that have since been demolished. Doncaster High Street in 1914 was already much changed from that of the Victorian era. Trams now trundled down the High Street with up to 60 people per carriage, shortly before the war a roof was added to their top decks. Like modern busses the trams had big adverts on, but they were for completely different products such as ‘Paisley Flour’.

The North Side

At the turn of the 19th century many of the buildings at the junction with Baxter Gate and French Gate had been torn down for the imposing new Bank Chambers. These banks were built on the north side of the road and still stand as HSBC and Barclays. We don’t know who owned these banks at the time, but we know the managers’ names were William Henry Spencer and James William Hainsworth.

The renovation on the north side of the street went down as far as around 4 High Street, where a number of un-lived-in shop stood. Among them was 6 High Street, Doncaster’s oldest known remaining building. It dated all the way back to the C16th. Now the Cornish Pasty shop, 6 High Street had the same sloped roof interrupted by a front facing gable. In 1908 it held a Jeweller shop called J. G. Bell, although its unknown if this was still there in the war.

Offices and  shops carried on down the north side of the High Street. At 11 High Street, Charles Valentine Fisher had offices and works until at least 1915. By 1918 he was bought out by Charles Waldegrave Pennell and Walter Richard Pennell. During the First World War the Pennell brothers established garden and seed shops in Lincoln, Brigg, Doncaster, Gainsborough, Grimsby and Scunthorpe. They were very successful, and Charles had even served as Mayor in their home city of Lincoln. The company was supplied by their nursery on Brant Road near Lincoln which is now Pennell’s Garden Centre.

Next door to Pennell’s stood a small bank managed by Edmund Hanson, and later by Francis Forth. The rest of the north side of the High Street was unidentified shops and offices.

The South Side

On the south side of the High Street, at the junction with Cleveland Street, stood the Danum Hotel. Around 1908 or 1909 the Ram Inn had been demolished for the hotel. At the start of the war the hotel was managed by John and Hannah Humble, but by the end it was run by John Inmer. Curiously enough for the times John Inmer was German. The Danum Hotel is now the Mercure Hotel, it had the same dome crowned with iron filigree and a flag at the top.

A few doors down from The Danum at 35 High Street was a branch of Benn Franks, a Hull based opticians. As well as glasses, they sold anything that used lenses. Sprawling across numbers 36 and 37 was Herbert Haresign’s Florist and Fruitier shop.

At 38 High Street was Wilfred Charles Birkinshaw’s Fish and Game shop. Businesses like this were under intense pressure throughout the war.  On New Year’s 1918 they were hit with beef and mutton shortages, even the price of rabbit rocketed as people fell back on it for Sunday lunch. On Saturdays the queues in town stretched out of the shop doors into the street. 38 High Street was also the start of what is now known as The Blue Building, it stretched down to number 40. This Georgian building did yet have its distinctive blue and gold mosaic decorating its frontage. In the middle at 39 High Street was an office, and 40 High Street was probably Thomas William Stott’s brewery.

Next to the Blue building at 31 High Street was William and Margaret Campbell’s Tailor Shop. One further along stood William Samuel Tate’s Pawn Shop, it specialised in furniture. The distinctive pillared frontage that now goes through to Priory Walk was at the time home to the Savoy Cinema. A few doors along at 44 High Street was home to Sheard Binnington & Co, a home furnisher in competition with Tate’s. They used to have the edge on Tate’s because joiner Henry Binnington made their furniture by hand, but he had recently retired leaving John Petereson Bone in charge. As winter 1914 approached Sheard Binnington sent a van around Doncaster to collect blankets for the men serving on the front.

Next door to Sheard Binnington was The Mansion House, the heart of public life in Doncaster. In 1914 the outbreak of war was announced there. August 1914 saw a plan to use it as a hospital for the war wounded, the hospital was disbanded in 1916 when the Arnold Auxiliary Hospital was established. This meant it could be used for council meetings again, as well as the meetings of the local tribunal that assessed exemptions from military service. Receptions for Belgian refugees were held at The Mansion House and in 1918 the Armistice was announced there. The facade of The Mansion House is actually based on Inigo Jones’ unused palladian designs for the Houses of Parliament.

At 49 High Street was Richard Henry Hepworth’s ‘Circulating Library’ and ‘Borough Printing Works’, they also sold stationery. At may have been the same Richard Henry Hepworth who served as Doncaster’s Civic Mayor in 1929. His neighbour, Samuel Balmforth was definitely the Mayor of Doncaster in 1915 and 1916. Samuel Balmforth was joint owner of the confectionery shop at 50 and 51 High Street. In 1817 as Parkinson & Son’s butter scotch had been invented by the owner of the shop, which they later supplied to the royal family! The shop was also a grocers and tea dealers, when Balmforth had bought it he took it more towards the confectionery side of the business. Mint lumps and toffee could also be bought there. The shop’s distinctive bow windows survive today as the Georgian Tea Rooms. A stained glass window from Parkinson’s, as well as early packaging can be viewed at the right end Doncaster Museum’s foyer.

Next door at 52 High Street was the Longbottom Ironmonger’s shop, a family business that had already been there for three generations. At 53 and 54 was the Meacock music shop, before the war the Meacock’s daughter, Gertrude, had offered music lessons there.

At 55 High Street was Equity Chambers, the office of solicitor Stafford Edward Somerville. He also served as Recruiting Officer making this the Doncaster Battalion Headquarters until 1916. Men went here for their medical assessments before going to war. Somerville caused something of a crisis by revoking every single medical exemption certificate. Despite this he was well liked by the tribunal when he stepped down in 1916.

 

Books Used

Brian Elliott, A Century of Doncaster, pp. 13, 23 & 36-37

Geoffrey Howse, Doncaster Then & Now, pp. 21-23 & 32-35

Symeon Mark Waller, Doncaster in the Great War, pp. 36-37 & 82

20 Years Partnership

Frank Allen was born on the 6th of February 1873 in Thorne. He grew up as the son of a wealthy farmer in Belton, Lincolnshire. Frank’s later business partner, William Hooton Carlile, wasn’t born until the 12th of November 1891. William grew up in Wisbech, Cambridgeshire where he first worked as a solicitor’s clerk.

By 1901 Frank had moved to Doncaster and found work as a self-employed solicitor. He boarded at 9 Christ Church Terrace with Jane Sprott, a widow. On the 10th of March 1905 Frank was initiated into the local Freemasons at the St George’s Lodge. Around this time he must have entered into his first marriage too, but by 1911 he had been widowed. He lived with a young housekeeper on 7 Town Moor Avenue.

William Hooton Carlile must have started working with Frank Allen by 1914. In 1916 William was certainly living at 30 Christ Church Road and working as a solicitor in Frank’s employ. For over 2 years William had been suffering painful ulcers in his intestine, Frank assisted him in seeking exemption from military service for this despite trenchant opposition from the recruiting officer.

Frank’s duties at this time including county coroner, solicitors commonly doubled as coroner’s at this time. In May 1917 Frank prosecuted a 14 year old pit pony driver from Bentley under the Mines Act. Supposedly charged for disobeying orders it was probably more for bad language towards management, he was fined 20 shillings. This sort of behaviour had become more common with many of the parents and miners at war. Frank said ‘it brought into question whether the management and officials were going to run the pit, or the boys.’

By 1923 William had gotten married to an Isabel. The couple lived for about a year at 33 Balmoral Road, before moving to 14 Auckland Road around 1925. On the 19th of September 1928 Frank died leaving £16,000 and his home at 7 Town Moor Avenue to his widow Mary Eleanor Allen. William carried on Frank’s business in prominent offices at 1 High Street, Bank Chambers. The business kept Allen’s name until at least 1957. On the 21st of February 1932 Mary passed away too. Frank and Mary are buried together at St Wilfrid Churchyard, Cantley. Their grave reads ‘He hath done what he could’.

Mary left her home to William and Isabel who lived their for many more years, at least until 1939. By 1939 they probably also had two children, they are not visible on the census so are probably still alive. In 1952 William witnessed the will of Dr Harold Ferdinand Renton who had treated his ulcers years earlier, he also witnessed the will of a sub-postmaster in 1961. In 1962 William chaired the Doncaster Local Employment Committee. He passed away in 1970.


Did you know William’s medical exemption started a major row between local government and the military?

A Century in Business?

Harold Arnold started a small joiner’s workshop from home around the 1860s. It became hugely successful in his life and beyond. It was owned by the family for three generations, and won major war contracts in the First World War.


Harold Arnold

Harold Arnold was born into a farming family from a small Lincolnshire village in 1826. By 1851 he had found work as a joiner in Doncaster, and within 10 years he had started a small business. In 1861 his modest firm had, by his own admission, only 1 man and 2 boys working for him.

In the early 1870s Harold ran a joiner’s shop from home; first on Carr Lane then on Cemetery Road. His business was growing and by 1871 he had 37 men and 6 boys working for him. His daughter, Maria may also have worked as his bookkeeper. In 1873 he moved to 10 Oxford Place and took the major step of keeping his last home for a separate workshop.

In 1881 Harold’s workforce totalled 75, all of them men. His son William Sayles Arnold, born in 1858, now worked as his foreman. Harold Arnold died in 1882. His will was executed by his son and a local tobacconist, Eli Hackshaw. He left behind nearly £6,000, a small fortune. William took over the business in his stead.

William Sayles Arnold

The business continued to grow under William; in 1891 he could afford 2 servants. The 1895 Doncaster directory is the first source to name the business Arnold & Son. It is the second builders to be listed in the directory, giving its offices as 39 and 41 Printing Office Street. The company had offices on this street as early as 1883.

By 1901 William had moved into the large Edenfield House. He had 3 servants and had sent his eldest son, Harold Scarth Arnold, to an expensive boarding school in Cambridge. In 1915, shortly after giving Edenfield house to the government, William passed away.

William left nearly £300,000 behind, a staggering amount for the time. His will was executed by his wife Frances, 3 of his 4 children; Harold, Edwin and Marjorie, and his cashier Herbert Fairborn. Harold took over his father’s business, and Edwin was likely involved too.

Harold Scarth Arnold

Harold’s ownership enjoyed a promising start. Although more than 1,000 employees of H Arnold had gone to war by 1916, they won several lucrative war contracts. More than half of these were for the Ministry of Munitions who wanted a shell store in Rainhill, a shell factory and a filling factory in Leeds, and electricity in Ravensthorpe. The War Office paid for the building of field telegraph works in Retford, an extension to the Doncaster wire works, shipbuilding works in Goole, and Pontefract Hospital. They had some smaller contracts with The Admiralty, mostly for airship station buildings in Howden.

The war contracts totalled £112,000 for an estimated 4 months’ work. They had to turn down £20,000 more work from the Admiralty. As it was they only had 76 men at their Belmont Works, each working from 6am to 8pm with a 2 hour break. The War Office was asking them to start manufacture ammunition boxes too, it’s unclear if they took this on.

In 1939 both Harold and Edwin were public works contractors, presumably for the same company. In 1948 Harold died in Dorset. He left nearly £200,000 behind. The executors of his will were his second wife Elizabeth, his brother Edwin, his sister Marjorie, and his secretary Harry McBurnie.

Edwin Herbert Arnold

Edwin’s full name was Edwin Herbert Arnold, he seems to have continued the company as Arnold, H and Son Ltd. The 1957 directory still lists it as the second Building Contractors. Its offices were at 37 Printing Office Street. There are no further references to the company, so it is not clear it lasted 100 years in business. But it does seem extremely unlikely that the company closed with the last source, perhaps just 4 years short of its centenary.


Did you know William’s home became a hospital?

The Co-Op at War

The Doncaster Mutual Co-Operative and Industrial Society, established in 1868, ran many of the shops in Doncaster at the outbreak of the First World War. Grocery stores, butchers, chemists, boot stores and drapers were all part of the Co-Op. They had at least 9 branches from Askern Road to Woodlands, as well as 4 warehouses and a slaughterhouse in Hexthorpe. In 1911 they advertised a membership of 13,000 and sales over £300,000. In official documents from 1914 they employed only 246 workers as they differentiated between members and employees.

By 1916 however, more than 100 of their employees had gone to war. To keep their branches running the Co-Op planned to substitute 51 women into men’s jobs. They also submitted to the local tribunal for 53 members of their staff to be exempted from military service. 42 of these exemptions were granted. Mainly this was to those involved in food; mainly the Grocery Branch Manager’s and the Manager of the Fish and Game Department, or those involved in transport; mostly Carters and Lorry Drivers. A Chemist was also exempted from duty, but unqualified Chemist’s Assistant’s were not considered as crucial. Many of the personnel involved in boot sale or repair were also not exempted.

The Co-Op’s headquarters were on Station Road, opposite where the entrance to the Frenchgate Centre now sits. They were probably demolished around the 1960s.


 

Family Business Wins War Contracts

The Arnold family business was already three generations old at the time of the First World War. In 1916 they took on huge War Contracts of building and maintenance for 3 different goverment bodies.


Three Generations in the Family

Messrs Harold Arnold & Sons was a Building and Engineering Contractor run by a Doncaster family. It had been founded by joiner Harold Arnold at least as early as the 1860s. At first he had 1 man and 2 boys working for him, by 1881 he had taken this to 75 men. His son, William Sayles Arnold started as foreman but took the business even further, to the point that in the First World War it had more than 1,000 employees. In turn William’s son, Harold Scarth Arnold, became more involved with the business as he left school in Cambridge around 1911.

War Contracts

We know that Harold Arnold had more than 1,000 workers because they lost more than that number to war. This put the business under extreme strain, Many of the staff were reportedly working from 6 in the morning to 8 at night. This was compounded by the war contracts totalling £112,000 they took on from the government in 1916. The Ministry of Munitions payed them £78,000 for shell storage, production, and building factories. The War Office payed £30,000 for a wide variety of work including building Hospitals, Telegraph Works, and ships. The Admirality Gave them £4,000 for Airship Station Buildings. The Admirality had offered them more work but they just didn’t have the labour to take it on. This work would have required hundreds of men. However we only know of 19 exemption requests that the company submitted to the Doncaster Tribunal.


Was Harold Arnold in business for 100 years?

Founders of New Edlington?

Before the 20th Century, Edlington was a tiny farming village. Around 1910 Yorkshire Main Colliery opened, Thomson & Dixon built 200 houses for the miners during the First World war. These most likely included houses which used to be on Thompson Avenue and Dixon Road. Thomson & Dixon eventually split into two separate businesses.


Old Edlington

In 1895 Edlington had a population of 128 living in only around 34 houses. Farming was the village’s major business, with 3 of the 5 main farms run by the same family. There was probably only one school and church. Edlington didn’t really grow until Edlington Main Colliery (later Yorkshire main) was opened around 1910. The Staveley Coal & Iron company needed housing for its miners so they hired the building contractors Thomson & Dixon.

Thomson & Dixon’s Founding

Thomson & Dixon was a building contractors named for its joint owners, Arthur Thomson and John Clayton Dixon. Founded in 1904, Arthur supervised work while John was the architect. By 1916 Thomson & Dixon had offices at 6 St George Gate, Doncaster. The workers who fought in the First World War were guaranteed their jobs, and the company helped pay the rent of their wives. Many of the foremen were exempted from duty so long as the company only took up work in the national interest. They also made sure to get an exemption for their plasterer as he owned the local pub, the St James tavern.

Work in the national interest mainly meant work for Staveley Coal & Iron, maintaining the Yorkshire Main and Bullcroft Collieries. Thomson & Dixon also built around 200 of the first houses in New Edlington,

New Edlington

The earliest records of people born or living in New Edlington are military records from 1915, just a year before Thomson & Dixon submitted paperwork on the houses it was building their. So it’s possible Thomson & Dixon had already completed some of the houses and people had moved in. Going by the names, the houses they built were most likely on Thompson avenue and the smaller Dixon Road. Unfortunately there are no longer any houses standing on these roads.

The earliest houses in New Edlington have occasionally come under fire for their design. They have been seen as too square and dense, bucking the then trend of ‘Garden Villages’ with curving roads and open greens.

Thomson & Dixon’s Split

In 1916 Thomson & Dixon’s turnover was £30,000 to £40,000 a year, a huge amount for the time, allowing Arthur to buy a larger house. At the same time John could only afford to board, suggesting  he may have been the junior partner.

Thomson and Dixon eventually split in two. In 1939 John was living at 1 Greenfield Lane. By 1957 he was certainly running his own Building Contractors, Dixon, J. Ltd, from his home. Arthur on the other hand didn’t need to run his business from home. It seems he had separate  premises for Thomson, A. Ltd. at 1 Chamberlain Avenue in 1957. Arthur passed away the very next year, at the time of his death he was worth about £30,000. His wife passed away less than a month later.


Did you know know Arthur Thomson payed the rent of all his workers’ wives during the war?

Find out more here

Bricklayer, Arthur John King, went on to found his own Building Company

Arthur John King was probably born between July and September 1884 in Westbury on the Severn, Gloucestershire.  He was baptised on the 4th of January 1885 at Newham, Gloucestershire. His parents were Herbert and Harriet King. They lived at Broad Oak, Gloucestershire and his father worked as a mason. He had a brother, Charles Herbert King, who was two years older. His parents moved to Portskewett, Monmouthshire, Wales before his second brother Robert Ernest King was born around 1887. By 1891 the whole family was living at No. 4 Railway Shaft, Many Brick Lane, Totley, Derbyshire. Herbert had changed professions to the Railway Line Keeper. They had moved back to Wales by 1901, to Dock Cottage, Caernarvonshire. Arthur had started work as a bricklayer, Herbert was now an inspector of buildings and Charles was an engine fitter.

Around 1905 or 1906, Arthur married Florence May King (maiden name unknown), who was 4 years his senior. On the 22nd of September 1906 they had a son, Arthur Archibald King in Eastwood, Nottinghamshire. In 1911 the family were living at Brickyard Lane, Thorne, Yorkshire. Arthur was a bricklayer, as was their unmarried boarder David Worsley, 34. In the next 5 years the couple may have had 2 more children, though their identities are unclear. In 1916 the family lived at 23 Beaconsfield Road, Doncaster. Arthur worked as a foreman bricklayer for Thomson and Dixon, and they submitted an exemption request on his behalf as he was working on their colliery housing project. The Advisory committee recommended for a conditional exemption, and it seems Arthur did not have to serve in the military as a result.

In 1939 the family lived on 136 Thorne Road, Doncaster with their daughter in-law Catherine King. Arthur John King and Arthur Archibald King were partners in a building contracting company, possibly W.R.C.C. of Don Valley. Arthur John supervised labour, while Arthur Archibald was involved in buying, estimating and surveying. The company seems to have been particularly involved in Air Raid Precautions initiatives, especially rescues, repairs and demolitions.

On the 12th of October 1949 Arthur John King passed away at the age of 65 at Abiel Nursing Home, Thorne Road. His home was still officially 136 Thorne Road, Doncaster. He left his wife and eldest son around £2,000 between them. On the 20th of June 1968 Arthur Archibald King passed away at age 61. Florence May King died in the first three months of 1976 at 96 or 97. All three of them are buried in the same plot at Barnby Dun Cemetery, Doncaster.

AJK Grave

Title: AJK Grave
Description: by-nc

Percy Claude Standeven, Joiner Survived the War and Retired to Australia

Percy Claude Standeven was born on the 24th of March 1881, in Chapel Allerton, Leeds. His parents, William (38) and Mercy Standeven (37), were Methodist’s. He was baptised on the 28th of April 1881 at the Wesleyan Methodist Chapel in Chapel Allerton by W. G. Hall. Percy had 4 older siblings: Thomas Henry, Frederic A, Frank William, and Jane. When he was 1 month old Percy was living at Cross Roads, Chapel Allerton. His name was recorded on the census as Percy James Standeven. It is possible that this was an older brother who died. Given Percy’s young age, it is seems they later changed his middle name to Claude. William owned his own Draper’s shop, with a live-in assistant, Andrew Midgley. He could also afford a live-in domestic servant, Eliza Wilson. It is noteworthy that at the time the census was taken, Frederic was not living with the family. They also had a visitor, Matthew Hirst, staying with them.

By 1891 the family had moved to 32 Harrogate Road, Chapel Allerton. They now only had one non-family member living with them, Harriet Skirrow their new domestic servant. Mercy was now working as her husband’s Draper’s Assistant. Frank William had left home, and Frederic had returned. Mercy had another son, William, around 1883. Thomas worked as an assistant, and Frederic was a printer’s compositor.  By 1901, Percy had started work as a Carpenter. The family still lived in the same house except Harriet had moved out and Frank had moved back in. Frank took over from his mother as Draper’s Assistant. Frederic still worked as a Printer’s Compositor, William was a bricklayer, and it is unclear what work Thomas had undertaken.

Sometime between 1901 and 1911 Percy’s father, William passed away. In 1911 Percy lived at 34 Banstead Grove, Leeds with his mother, Mercy, and sister, Jane. Percy was a carpenter for a building contractor. Jane now worked as a Draper’s Assistant. Neither Percy nor Jane was married. In 1916 Percy was a joiner and carpenter working on the colliery housing for the contractor’s Thomson and Dixon. At this time he was living at Great Central Avenue, Doncaster. Thomson and Dixon applied for exemption from conscription on Percy’s behalf and it was recommended against. It is unclear where he served.

In 1920 Percy married Elizabeth Ellis in Scarborough, she was 4 years younger than him.  By 1924 they were living together at 4 Mansfield Road, Doncaster. In 1925 they moved just down the street to 45 Mansfield Road, and lived there at least a year. Before 1939 they had moved back to Percy’s birth town of Chapel Allerton, Leeds. They lived at 70 Miles Hill Crescent, and Percy still worked as a joiner. They stayed at this address until 1958, by which time Percy had retired.

On the 29th of April 1958 Percy and Elizabeth set off for Sydney, Australia on the Strathnaver, a P&O Ferry. Just under a month later they arrived in Australia. At first they lived at 30 Leybourne Street, Chalmer, Brisbane, Queensland. In 1963 they were living at 33 Brickfield Road, Aspley, Petrie, Queensland. On the 7th of August 1963 Elizabeth passed away. Percy lived at the same address until he too passed away in 1969.