Arthur Mewes was born in Doncaster in September 1895. The family moved from Wadworth to Conisbrough in the early 1900s and Arthur studied at Conisbrough Morley Place Junior School. Later, both Arthur and his father Arthur Sr worked as coal miners while the family were residing at 15 Don View, Conisbrough. Arthur signed up to serve with the Army early on in the war and reached France in September 1915, serving as a Private in the Army Cyclist Corps under the service number 7322. Arthur was wounded in early 1918, by which time his family had moved to 3 Ivanhoe Road, Conisbrough. Arthur survived his wound, and also the war and was demobilised in 1919. He married Kate E Smith in Doncaster in the same year.
Arthur later moved to Balby with Kate and his children, living at 8 Samuel Street. He remained working in the coal industry and in 1939 was working as an underground colliery hewer. Arthur died in Doncaster in 1984, aged 88.