Arthur Thomson was born in Marple, Cheshire on the 24th July 1881. In 1904 he was living in Doncaster and founded the building contracting company Thomson & Dixon with John Clayton Dixon, which would later have offices at 6 St George Gate, Doncaster. In March 1908 he married Manchester born Beatrice Thomson. At some point in the next three years they had a child who died at a very young age. There is no evidence to suggest they had any more children after this. In 1911 the couple lived at 43 the Elms, Balby the success of Thomson and Dixon then allowed them to move to Imperial Crescent, Doncaster by 1916. Thomson and Dixon was worth £30,000 to £40,000 annually at this time, adjusted for inflation this would now be worth in the millions.
During the First World War the company only took up work of national importance, including building 200 houses at the Yorkshire Main Colliery and maintaining the Bullcroft Colliery, both for the Staveley Coal and Iron company. The houses built were most likely those in the area of New Edlington, north of Victoria Road, that encompasses Staveley Street. The Church and School at the end of Staveley Street have similar designs to the houses on it, and may have been built alongside them. While exempted from duty Arthur Thomson paid the rent of his workmen’s wives while they were at war and guaranteed their jobs upon return. He was active in the Doncaster National Motor Volunteers. At some point in the First World War he bought a half share of an eighty acre farm, mostly dedicated to poultry, as well as purchasing the Doncaster Coal Consumers Company in July of 1917. The Doncaster Coal Consumers Company was bought to occupy his brother after the war, maybe to keep him out of future conflicts. In 1939 Arthur was still active in the business; he and his wife had hired a twenty five year old domestic servant, Annie Congreve. On 15th March 1958 Arthur passed away. At the time of his death he was worth just over £30,000, his wife may not have inherited all of this as she only had around £7,000 at her death. She passed little more than a month after her husband on 21st April 1958.