Edward Frederick Lindley Wood

1st Earl of_Halifax, 1947

Title: 1st Earl of Halifax, 1947
Description: Dutch National Archives by-nc

Edward Frederick Lindley Wood was born in April 1881 in Devon. Although Edward was the youngest of four brothers, each of them died in childhood and he became the sole heir to the family’s Viscount Halifax title. Edward was educated at Eton and later Oxford University. Edward had entered the world of politics and stood for Parliament as the Conservative candidate for Ripon in 1910. He married Lady Dorothy Onslow in September 1909. Edward served as a Captain in the Queen’s Own Yorkshire Dragoons. His involvement with the regiment during the First World War resulted in him rarely appearing at Parliament during this time, but he was a determined supporter of the introduction of conscription (compulsory military service.) He experienced his first front line fighting in 1916 and was mentioned in despatches the following year. He returned to Britain to work as a deputy director in the Ministry of National Service in late 1917 and remained there until the end of the war. Edward’s wife Dorothy nursed at Temple Newsam, another of the family’s houses, when it was converted into a military hospital. After the First World War, Edward continued his political career, serving as the Viceroy of India, administering British rule in the country and also as Foreign Secretary in the early years of the Second World War. Edward died in December 1959 in Garrowby, Yorkshire.

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